区块链教程Fabric1.0源代码分析blockfile区块文件存储2

兄弟连区块链培训 · · 48 次点击 · · 开始浏览    
//构造blockIndex
func newBlockIndex(indexConfig *blkstorage.IndexConfig, db *leveldbhelper.DBHandle) *blockIndex 
//获取最后一个块索引(或编号),取key为"indexCheckpointKey"的值,即为最新的区块编号
func (index *blockIndex) getLastBlockIndexed() (uint64, error) 
func (index *blockIndex) indexBlock(blockIdxInfo *blockIdxInfo) error //索引区块
//根据区块哈希,获取文件区块指针
func (index *blockIndex) getBlockLocByHash(blockHash []byte) (*fileLocPointer, error) 
//根据区块编号,获取文件区块指针
func (index *blockIndex) getBlockLocByBlockNum(blockNum uint64) (*fileLocPointer, error) 
//根据交易ID,获取文件交易指针
func (index *blockIndex) getTxLoc(txID string) (*fileLocPointer, error) 
//根据交易ID,获取文件区块指针
func (index *blockIndex) getBlockLocByTxID(txID string) (*fileLocPointer, error) 
//根据区块编号和交易编号,获取文件交易指针
func (index *blockIndex) getTXLocByBlockNumTranNum(blockNum uint64, tranNum uint64) (*fileLocPointer, error) 
//根据交易ID,获取交易验证代码
func (index *blockIndex) getTxValidationCodeByTxID(txID string) (peer.TxValidationCode, error) 
//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockindex.go

补充blockIdxInfo结构体定义:块索引信息。

type blockIdxInfo struct {
    blockNum uint64 //区块编号
    blockHash []byte //区块哈希
    flp *fileLocPointer //文件指针
    txOffsets []*txindexInfo //交易索引信息
    metadata *common.BlockMetadata 
}
//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockindex.go

补充fileLocPointer、txindexInfo和common.BlockMetadata:

type locPointer struct { //定义指针
    offset int //偏移位置
    bytesLength int //字节长度
}
type fileLocPointer struct { //定义文件指针
    fileSuffixNum int //文件后缀
    locPointer //嵌入locPointer
}
//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockindex.go

type txindexInfo struct { //交易索引信息
    txID string //交易ID
    loc *locPointer //文件指针
}
//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/block_serialization.go

type BlockMetadata struct {
    Metadata [][]byte `protobuf:"bytes,1,rep,name=metadata,proto3" json:"metadata,omitempty"`
}
//代码在protos/common/common.pb.go

func (index blockIndex) indexBlock(blockIdxInfo blockIdxInfo) error代码如下:

flp := blockIdxInfo.flp //文件指针
txOffsets := blockIdxInfo.txOffsets //交易索引信息
txsfltr := ledgerUtil.TxValidationFlags(blockIdxInfo.metadata.Metadata[common.BlockMetadataIndex_TRANSACTIONS_FILTER]) //type TxValidationFlags []uint8
batch := leveldbhelper.NewUpdateBatch() //leveldb批量更新
flpBytes, err := flp.marshal() //文件指针序列化,含文件后缀、偏移位置、字节长度

if _, ok := index.indexItemsMap[blkstorage.IndexableAttrBlockHash]; ok { //使用区块哈希索引文件区块指针
    batch.Put(constructBlockHashKey(blockIdxInfo.blockHash), flpBytes) //区块哈希,blockHash:flpBytes存入leveldb
}

if _, ok := index.indexItemsMap[blkstorage.IndexableAttrBlockNum]; ok { //使用区块编号索引文件区块指针
    batch.Put(constructBlockNumKey(blockIdxInfo.blockNum), flpBytes) //区块编号,blockNum:flpBytes存入leveldb
}

if _, ok := index.indexItemsMap[blkstorage.IndexableAttrTxID]; ok { //使用交易ID索引文件交易指针
    for _, txoffset := range txOffsets {
        txFlp := newFileLocationPointer(flp.fileSuffixNum, flp.offset, txoffset.loc)
        txFlpBytes, marshalErr := txFlp.marshal()
        batch.Put(constructTxIDKey(txoffset.txID), txFlpBytes) //交易ID,txID:txFlpBytes存入leveldb
    }
}

if _, ok := index.indexItemsMap[blkstorage.IndexableAttrBlockNumTranNum]; ok { //使用区块编号和交易编号索引文件交易指针
    for txIterator, txoffset := range txOffsets {
        txFlp := newFileLocationPointer(flp.fileSuffixNum, flp.offset, txoffset.loc)
        txFlpBytes, marshalErr := txFlp.marshal()
        batch.Put(constructBlockNumTranNumKey(blockIdxInfo.blockNum, uint64(txIterator)), txFlpBytes) //区块编号和交易编号,blockNum+txIterator:txFlpBytes
    }
}

if _, ok := index.indexItemsMap[blkstorage.IndexableAttrBlockTxID]; ok { //使用交易ID索引文件区块指针
    for _, txoffset := range txOffsets {
        batch.Put(constructBlockTxIDKey(txoffset.txID), flpBytes) //交易ID,txID:flpBytes
    }
}

if _, ok := index.indexItemsMap[blkstorage.IndexableAttrTxValidationCode]; ok { //使用交易ID索引交易验证代码
    for idx, txoffset := range txOffsets {
        batch.Put(constructTxValidationCodeIDKey(txoffset.txID), []byte{byte(txsfltr.Flag(idx))})
    }
}

batch.Put(indexCheckpointKey, encodeBlockNum(blockIdxInfo.blockNum)) //key为"indexCheckpointKey"的值,即为最新的区块编号
err := index.db.WriteBatch(batch, true) //批量更新
}
//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockindex.go

7、blocksItr结构体及方法

type blocksItr struct {
    mgr *blockfileMgr //blockfileMgr
    maxBlockNumAvailable uint64 //最大的区块编号
    blockNumToRetrieve uint64 //起始区块编号
    stream *blockStream //blockStream
    closeMarker bool
    closeMarkerLock *sync.Mutex
}

func newBlockItr(mgr *blockfileMgr, startBlockNum uint64) *blocksItr //构造blocksItr
func (itr *blocksItr) waitForBlock(blockNum uint64) uint64 
func (itr *blocksItr) initStream() error 
func (itr *blocksItr) shouldClose() bool 
func (itr *blocksItr) Next() (ledger.QueryResult, error) 
func (itr *blocksItr) Close() 
//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blocks_itr.go

8、blockfileMgr结构体定义及方法

blockfileMgr结构体定义:

type blockfileMgr struct {
    rootDir string //ledger文件存储目录,如/var/hyperledger/production/ledgersData/chains/chains/mychannel
    conf *Conf //即type Conf struct,存放路径和区块文件大小
    db *leveldbhelper.DBHandle //用于操作index
    index index //type index interface,其实现为blockIndex结构体
    cpInfo *checkpointInfo //type checkpointInfo struct
    cpInfoCond *sync.Cond //定期唤醒锁
    currentFileWriter *blockfileWriter //type blockfileWriter struct
    bcInfo atomic.Value //原子操作
}
//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockfile_mgr.go

涉及方法如下:

//构建blockfileMgr
func newBlockfileMgr(id string, conf *Conf, indexConfig *blkstorage.IndexConfig, indexStore *leveldbhelper.DBHandle) *blockfileMgr
func syncCPInfoFromFS(rootDir string, cpInfo *checkpointInfo) //从文件系统中更新检查点信息
func deriveBlockfilePath(rootDir string, suffixNum int) string //构造Blockfile路径
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) close() //关闭blockfileWriter
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) moveToNextFile() //转至下个新区块文件,打开新文件、并更新检查点信息
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) addBlock(block *common.Block) error //添加区块,区块写入文件,索引区块
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) syncIndex() error //同步区块索引
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) getBlockchainInfo() *common.BlockchainInfo //获取 BlockchainInfo
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) updateCheckpoint(cpInfo *checkpointInfo) //更新检查点信息
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) updateBlockchainInfo(latestBlockHash []byte, latestBlock *common.Block) //更新BlockchainInfo
//按区块哈希获取块,mgr.index.getBlockLocByHash(blockHash),mgr.fetchBlock(loc)
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveBlockByHash(blockHash []byte) (*common.Block, error) 
//按区块编号获取块,mgr.index.getBlockLocByBlockNum(blockNum),mgr.fetchBlock(loc)
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveBlockByNumber(blockNum uint64) (*common.Block, error) 
//按交易ID获取块,mgr.index.getBlockLocByTxID(txID),mgr.fetchBlock(loc)
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveBlockByTxID(txID string) (*common.Block, error) 
//按交易ID获取交易验证代码,mgr.index.getTxValidationCodeByTxID(txID)
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveTxValidationCodeByTxID(txID string) (peer.TxValidationCode, error) 
//按区块编号获取BlockHeader:按区块编号从索引中取文件区块指针,按文件指针取区块Bytes,按区块Bytes构建serializedBlockInfo,取serializedBlockInfo.blockHeader
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveBlockHeaderByNumber(blockNum uint64) (*common.BlockHeader, error)
//构造blocksItr
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveBlocks(startNum uint64) (*blocksItr, error)
//按交易ID获取交易,mgr.index.getTxLoc(txID),mgr.fetchTransactionEnvelope(loc)
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveTransactionByID(txID string) (*common.Envelope, error)
//按区块编号和交易编号获取交易,mgr.index.getTXLocByBlockNumTranNum(blockNum, tranNum),mgr.fetchTransactionEnvelope(loc)
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveTransactionByBlockNumTranNum(blockNum uint64, tranNum uint64) (*common.Envelope, error) 
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) fetchBlock(lp *fileLocPointer) (*common.Block, error) //获取下一个块
//获取交易
//type Envelope struct {
//  Payload []byte
//  Signature []byte
//}
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) fetchTransactionEnvelope(lp *fileLocPointer) (*common.Envelope, error) 
//按文件指针获取区块Bytes
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) fetchBlockBytes(lp *fileLocPointer) ([]byte, error)
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) fetchRawBytes(lp *fileLocPointer) ([]byte, error) //按文件指针获取原始字节
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) loadCurrentInfo() (*checkpointInfo, error) //获取存储在index库中最新检查点信息,key为"blkMgrInfo"
func (mgr *blockfileMgr) saveCurrentInfo(i *checkpointInfo, sync bool) error //将最新检查点信息,序列化后存入index库
//扫描给定的块文件并检测文件中的最后完整块,返回最后一个块字节、文件最新偏移量、块数
func scanForLastCompleteBlock(rootDir string, fileNum int, startingOffset int64) ([]byte, int64, int, error) {
//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockfile_mgr.go

func newBlockfileMgr(id string, conf Conf, indexConfig blkstorage.IndexConfig, indexStore leveldbhelper.DBHandle) blockfileMgr实现如下:构建blockfileMgr。

rootDir := conf.getLedgerBlockDir(id) //如/var/hyperledger/production/ledgersData/chains/chains/mychannel
_, err := util.CreateDirIfMissing(rootDir) //检查rootDir是否存在,如不存在则创建
mgr := &blockfileMgr{rootDir: rootDir, conf: conf, db: indexStore} //构造blockfileMgr,包括ledger路径、块文件大小、index目录leveldb句柄
cpInfo, err := mgr.loadCurrentInfo() //获取存储在index库中最新检查点信息,key为"blkMgrInfo"
if cpInfo == nil { //找不到,第一次创建ledger或index被删除
    //扫描最新的blockfile,并重新构造检查点信息
    cpInfo, err = constructCheckpointInfoFromBlockFiles(rootDir)
} else {
    syncCPInfoFromFS(rootDir, cpInfo) //从文件系统中更新检查点信息
}
err = mgr.saveCurrentInfo(cpInfo, true) //将最新检查点信息,序列化后存入index库
currentFileWriter, err := newBlockfileWriter(deriveBlockfilePath(rootDir, cpInfo.latestFileChunkSuffixNum))
err = currentFileWriter.truncateFile(cpInfo.latestFileChunksize) //按最新的区块文件大小截取文件
mgr.index = newBlockIndex(indexConfig, indexStore) 构造blockIndex
mgr.cpInfo = cpInfo
mgr.cpInfoCond = sync.NewCond(&sync.Mutex{})
mgr.syncIndex()

bcInfo := &common.BlockchainInfo{
    Height: 0,
    CurrentBlockHash: nil,
    PreviousBlockHash: nil}
if !cpInfo.isChainEmpty { //如果不是空链
    lastBlockHeader, err := mgr.retrieveBlockHeaderByNumber(cpInfo.lastBlockNumber) //获取最后一个块的Header
    lastBlockHash := lastBlockHeader.Hash() //最后一个块的哈希
    previousBlockHash := lastBlockHeader.PreviousHash //前一个块的哈希
    bcInfo = &common.BlockchainInfo{ //构造区块链信息
        Height: cpInfo.lastBlockNumber + 1,
        CurrentBlockHash: lastBlockHash,
        PreviousBlockHash: previousBlockHash}
}
mgr.bcInfo.Store(bcInfo) //bcInfo赋值给mgr.bcInfo
return mgr
//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockfile_mgr.go

func syncCPInfoFromFS(rootDir string, cpInfo *checkpointInfo)代码如下://从文件系统中更新检查点信息。

filePath := deriveBlockfilePath(rootDir, cpInfo.latestFileChunkSuffixNum) //最新区块文件路径
exists, size, err := util.FileExists(filePath)
_, endOffsetLastBlock, numBlocks, err := scanForLastCompleteBlock( //扫描最后一个完整块
    rootDir, cpInfo.latestFileChunkSuffixNum, int64(cpInfo.latestFileChunksize))
cpInfo.latestFileChunksize = int(endOffsetLastBlock) //最新的区块文件大小
if cpInfo.isChainEmpty { //空链
    cpInfo.lastBlockNumber = uint64(numBlocks - 1) //最新的区块编号
} else {
    cpInfo.lastBlockNumber += uint64(numBlocks)
}
cpInfo.isChainEmpty = false //不再是空链
//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockfile_mgr.go

func (mgr blockfileMgr) addBlock(block common.Block) error代码如下:添加区块,区块写入文件,索引区块。

//序列化区块,返回序列化后字节,以及serializedBlockInfo(含BlockHeader和交易索引信息)
blockBytes, info, err := serializeBlock(block)
blockHash := block.Header.Hash() //blockHash
txOffsets := info.txOffsets //交易索引信息
currentOffset := mgr.cpInfo.latestFileChunksize //最新的区块文件大小
blockBytesLen := len(blockBytes)
blockBytesEncodedLen := proto.EncodeVarint(uint64(blockBytesLen)) //blockBytesLen
totalBytesToAppend := blockBytesLen + len(blockBytesEncodedLen) //blockBytesLen + blockBytesEncodedLen

if currentOffset+totalBytesToAppend > mgr.conf.maxBlockfileSize { //超出文件大小限定,创建新文件
    mgr.moveToNextFile()
    currentOffset = 0
}
err = mgr.currentFileWriter.append(blockBytesEncodedLen, false) //追加写入blockBytesLen
if err == nil {
    err = mgr.currentFileWriter.append(blockBytes, true) //追加写入blockBytes
}
if err != nil { //追加写入失败,回滚按原大小截取文件
        truncateErr := mgr.currentFileWriter.truncateFile(mgr.cpInfo.latestFileChunksize)
        return fmt.Errorf("Error while appending block to file: %s", err)
}

currentCPInfo := mgr.cpInfo
newCPInfo := &checkpointInfo{
    latestFileChunkSuffixNum: currentCPInfo.latestFileChunkSuffixNum,
    latestFileChunksize: currentCPInfo.latestFileChunksize + totalBytesToAppend,
    isChainEmpty: false,
    lastBlockNumber: block.Header.Number}
if err = mgr.saveCurrentInfo(newCPInfo, false); err != nil { //更新检查点信息
    truncateErr := mgr.currentFileWriter.truncateFile(currentCPInfo.latestFileChunksize) //更新失败,回滚按原大小截取文件
    return fmt.Errorf("Error while saving current file info to db: %s", err)
}

blockFLP := &fileLocPointer{fileSuffixNum: newCPInfo.latestFileChunkSuffixNum}
blockFLP.offset = currentOffset
for _, txOffset := range txOffsets {
    txOffset.loc.offset += len(blockBytesEncodedLen) //更新文件交易指针
}
mgr.index.indexBlock(&blockIdxInfo{ //索引区块
    blockNum: block.Header.Number, blockHash: blockHash,
    flp: blockFLP, txOffsets: txOffsets, metadata: block.Metadata})

mgr.updateCheckpoint(newCPInfo) //更新检查点信息
mgr.updateBlockchainInfo(blockHash, block) //更新BlockchainInfo
return nil
//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockfile_mgr.go

本文来自:Segmentfault

感谢作者:兄弟连区块链培训

查看原文:区块链教程Fabric1.0源代码分析blockfile区块文件存储2

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