Golang 图片上绘制文字

ghj1976 · · 4573 次点击 · · 开始浏览    
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之前介绍过使用 FreeType-go 来绘制字(http://www.cnblogs.com/ghj1976/p/3445568.html),  现在相关的包被做了整合,主要是整合到了 github.com/golang/freetype 和 golang.org/x/image/font 这里了,所以就有了这篇博客。

 

例子代码在: https://github.com/golang/freetype/blob/master/example/freetype/main.go

 

package main

import (
    "bufio"
    "flag"
    "fmt"
    "image"
    "image/color"
    "image/draw"
    "image/png"
    "io/ioutil"
    "log"
    "os"

    "github.com/golang/freetype"
    "golang.org/x/image/font"
)

var (
    dpi      = flag.Float64("dpi", 72, "screen resolution in Dots Per Inch")
    fontfile = flag.String("fontfile", "../../testdata/luxisr.ttf", "filename of the ttf font")
    hinting  = flag.String("hinting", "none", "none | full")
    size     = flag.Float64("size", 12, "font size in points")
    spacing  = flag.Float64("spacing", 1.5, "line spacing (e.g. 2 means double spaced)")
    wonb     = flag.Bool("whiteonblack", false, "white text on a black background")
)

var text = []string{
    "’Twas brillig, and the slithy toves",
    "测试中文字 ……&^_^",
    "Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;",
    "All mimsy were the borogoves,",
    "And the mome raths outgrabe.",
    "",
    "“Beware the Jabberwock, my son!",
    "The jaws that bite, the claws that catch!",
    "Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun",
    "The frumious Bandersnatch!”",
    "",
    "He took his vorpal sword in hand:",
    "Long time the manxome foe he sought—",
    "So rested he by the Tumtum tree,",
    "And stood awhile in thought.",
    "",
    "And as in uffish thought he stood,",
    "The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame,",
    "Came whiffling through the tulgey wood,",
    "And burbled as it came!",
    "",
    "One, two! One, two! and through and through",
    "The vorpal blade went snicker-snack!",
    "He left it dead, and with its head",
    "He went galumphing back.",
    "",
    "“And hast thou slain the Jabberwock?",
    "Come to my arms, my beamish boy!",
    "O frabjous day! Callooh! Callay!”",
    "He chortled in his joy.",
    "",
    "’Twas brillig, and the slithy toves",
    "Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;",
    "All mimsy were the borogoves,",
    "And the mome raths outgrabe.",
}

func main() {
    flag.Parse()

    // Read the font data.
    fontBytes, err := ioutil.ReadFile(*fontfile)
    if err != nil {
        log.Println(err)
        return
    }
    f, err := freetype.ParseFont(fontBytes)
    if err != nil {
        log.Println(err)
        return
    }

    // Initialize the context.
    fg, bg := image.Black, image.White
    ruler := color.RGBA{0xdd, 0xdd, 0xdd, 0xff}
    if *wonb {
        fg, bg = image.White, image.Black
        ruler = color.RGBA{0x22, 0x22, 0x22, 0xff}
    }
    rgba := image.NewRGBA(image.Rect(0, 0, 640, 480))
    draw.Draw(rgba, rgba.Bounds(), bg, image.ZP, draw.Src)
    c := freetype.NewContext()
    c.SetDPI(*dpi)
    c.SetFont(f)
    c.SetFontSize(*size)
    c.SetClip(rgba.Bounds())
    c.SetDst(rgba)
    c.SetSrc(fg)
    switch *hinting {
    default:
        c.SetHinting(font.HintingNone)
    case "full":
        c.SetHinting(font.HintingFull)
    }

    // Draw the guidelines.
    for i := 0; i < 200; i++ {
        rgba.Set(10, 10+i, ruler)
        rgba.Set(10+i, 10, ruler)
    }

    // Draw the text.
    pt := freetype.Pt(10, 10+int(c.PointToFixed(*size)>>6))
    for _, s := range text {
        _, err = c.DrawString(s, pt)
        if err != nil {
            log.Println(err)
            return
        }
        pt.Y += c.PointToFixed(*size * *spacing)
    }

    // Save that RGBA image to disk.
    outFile, err := os.Create("out.png")
    if err != nil {
        log.Println(err)
        os.Exit(1)
    }
    defer outFile.Close()
    b := bufio.NewWriter(outFile)
    err = png.Encode(b, rgba)
    if err != nil {
        log.Println(err)
        os.Exit(1)
    }
    err = b.Flush()
    if err != nil {
        log.Println(err)
        os.Exit(1)
    }
    fmt.Println("Wrote out.png OK.")
}

执行效果如下:

./testFont2 -fontfile="字体管家淘淘体.ttf"

执行效果:

image

./testFont2 -fontfile="6f14c8f349377d5ebe2b0a5e2851a6f6.ttf"

执行效果:

image

./testFont2 -fontfile="Sliced by Hand.ttf"

执行效果,这个字体不支持中文,就会出现下面情况:

image

 

 

 

一些免费的字体库下载

英文字体库

http://www.freefontspro.com/cn/

http://cn.fontriver.com/ 

中文字体库

http://fonts.mobanwang.com/ 

http://www.touwenzi.com/

本文来自:博客园

感谢作者:ghj1976

查看原文:Golang 图片上绘制文字

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