部署devstack

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这是一个创建于 的文章,其中的信息可能已经有所发展或是发生改变。

新公司是一家数据与基础设施提供商(to B)。初来乍到,和这里的同事了解了一些云计算平台和大数据平台的技术栈。对于“新鲜”(only to me)的技术栈,自己总有一种折腾的冲动,于是就有了这一篇备忘性质的文章,记录一下自己部署devstack的步骤、遇到的问题和解决方法。

和诸多国内提供公有云的厂商一样,公司的云产品也是基于成熟的OpenStack云计算平台框架和组件搭建的,并做了一些定制。长久以来,我一直以为OpenStack等都是Java技术栈的,对Java技术栈出品的东西总有一种莫名的恐惧感,现在我才发现原来OpenStack是Python系(那个汗汗汗啊)。而OpenStack的另外一个竞争对手:CloudStack才是正经八百的Java系。

OpenStack是一堆云计算平台组件(诸如存储、网络、镜像管理等)的合称,十分庞大且十分复杂,入门门槛不低,即便是为开发目的而进行的OpenStack部署也会让你折腾许久,甚至始终无法搭建成功。为此OpenStack为入门者和开发者推出了一个OpenStack开发环境:devstack。通过devstack,你可以在一个主机节点上部署一个“五脏俱全”的OpenStack Cloud。

一、安装devstack

建议将devstack部署在物理机上,这样可以屏蔽掉许多在虚拟机上部署devstack的问题(具体不详,很多书籍都推荐这么做^_^)。这里讲devstack部署在一台ubuntu 14.04.1的刀片服务器上。

1、下载devstack源码

$ git clone https://github.com/openstack-dev/devstack.git ./devstack
Cloning into './devstack'...
remote: Counting objects: 33686, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (10/10), done.
Receiving objects:   1% (337/33686), 92.01 KiB | 35.00 KiB/s
Receiving objects:   4% (1457/33686), 452.01 KiB | 62.00 KiB/s
... ...

这里直接用trunk上的最新revision:

devstack版本 revision:
commit 96ffde28b6e2f55f95997464aec47ae2c6cf91d3
Merge: c4a0d21 e3a04dd
Author: Jenkins 
Date:   Tue Apr 26 10:21:16 2016 +0000

2、创建stack账户

$cd devstack/tools
~/devstack/tools$ sudo ./create-stack-user.sh
[sudo] password for baiming:
Creating a group called stack
Creating a user called stack
Giving stack user passwordless sudo privileges

$ cat /etc/passwd|grep stack
stack:x:1006:1006::/opt/stack:/bin/bash

修改devstack目录的owner和group权限:

$ sudo chown -R stack:stack ./devstack/

切换到stack用户下:

baiming@baiming:~$ sudo -i -u stack
stack@baiming:~$ cd /home/baiming/devstack
stack@baiming:/home/baiming/devstack$ ls
clean.sh  exerciserc   extras.d   functions-common  HACKING.rst  LICENSE          openrc     run_tests.sh  setup.py  tests    unstack.sh
data      exercises    files      FUTURE.rst        inc          MAINTAINERS.rst  pkg        samples       stackrc   tools
doc       exercise.sh  functions  gate              lib          Makefile         README.md  setup.cfg     stack.sh  tox.ini

二、启动devstack

我们在devstack目录下创建配置文件:local.conf

# Credentials
ADMIN_PASSWORD=devstack
MYSQL_PASSWORD=devstack
RABBIT_PASSWORD=devstack
SERVICE_PASSWORD=devstack
SERVICE_TOKEN=token
#Enable/Disable Services
disable_service n-net
enable_service q-svc
enable_service q-agt
enable_service q-dhcp
enable_service q-l3
enable_service q-meta
enable_service neutron
enable_service tempest
HOST_IP=10.10.105.71

#NEUTRON CONFIG
#Q_USE_DEBUG_COMMAND=True
#CINDER CONFIG
VOLUME_BACKING_FILE_SIZE=102400M
#GENERAL CONFIG
API_RATE_LIMIT=False
# Output
LOGFILE=/home/baiming/devstack/logs/stack.sh.log
VERBOSE=True
LOG_COLOR=False
SCREEN_LOGDIR=/home/baiming/devstack/logs

执行devstack下的stack.sh来启动各OpenStack组件,stack.sh是devstack“一键安装”的总控脚本,stack.sh执行ok了,devstack也就部署OK了:

$>./stack.sh

但问题接踵而至!

三、问题与解决方法

stack.sh的执行过程是漫长的,且问题也是多多。

1、git协议 or https协议

stack.sh执行后会去openstack官方库下载一些东西,于是遇到了第一个错误:

+functions-common:git_timed:599            timeout -s SIGINT 0 git clone git://git.openstack.org/openstack/requirements.git /opt/stack/requirements
Cloning into '/opt/stack/requirements'...
fatal: unable to connect to git.openstack.org:
git.openstack.org[0: 104.130.246.128]: errno=Connection timed out
git.openstack.org[1: 2001:4800:7819:103:be76:4eff:fe06:63c]: errno=Network is unreachable

+functions-common:git_timed:602            [[ 128 -ne 124 ]]
+functions-common:git_timed:603            die 603 'git call failed: [git clone' git://git.openstack.org/openstack/requirements.git '/opt/stack/requirements]'
+functions-common:die:186                  local exitcode=0
+functions-common:die:187                  set +o xtrace
[Call Trace]
./stack.sh:708:git_clone
/home/baiming/devstack/functions-common:536:git_timed
/home/baiming/devstack/functions-common:603:die
[ERROR] /home/baiming/devstack/functions-common:603 git call failed: [git clone git://git.openstack.org/openstack/requirements.git /opt/stack/requirements]
Error on exit
./stack.sh: line 488: generate-subunit: command not found

stack.sh尝试用git clone git://xxxx,但由于我的主机在代理后面,因此git协议不能被支持,需要改为支持的协议类型,比如https。

解决方法:修改stackrc,更换git_base协议,并且增加http和https代理变量:

# Base GIT Repo URL
# Another option is https://git.openstack.org
GIT_BASE=${GIT_BASE:-https://git.openstack.org}

export http_proxy='http://10.10.126.187:3129'
export https_proxy='http://10.10.126.187:3129'

stackrc之于stack.sh类似.bashrc之于bash,在stack.sh执行时会对stackrc进行source,使其中的export环境变量生效。http_proxy等环境变量添加到stackrc中的效果就是:在stack.sh执行过程中会有类似如下语句出现:

sudo -H http_proxy=http://10.10.126.187:3129 https_proxy=http://10.10.126.187:3129 no_proxy= PIP_FIND_LINKS= /usr/local/bin/pip2.7 install -c /opt/stack/requirements/upper-constraints.txt -U virtualenv

2、重启stack.sh

解决完上述问题后,如果直接重新执行stack.sh,那么会收到“有另外一个stack.sh session在执行的”错误信息。

为此,每次重启stack.sh之前都要先执行:./unstack.sh,清理一下环境。

3、apt包下载错误

在stack.sh执行过程中,会更新ubuntu apt repository,并下载许多第三方包或工具:

Preconfiguring packages ...
(Reading database ... 123098 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../libitm1_4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libitm1:amd64 (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1) over (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04) ...
Preparing to unpack .../libgomp1_4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libgomp1:amd64 (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1) over (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04) ...
Preparing to unpack .../libasan0_4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libasan0:amd64 (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1) over (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04) ...
Preparing to unpack .../libatomic1_4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libatomic1:amd64 (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1) over (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04) ...
Preparing to unpack .../libtsan0_4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libtsan0:amd64 (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1) over (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04) ...
Preparing to unpack .../libquadmath0_4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libquadmath0:amd64 (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1) over (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04) ...
Preparing to unpack .../libstdc++-4.8-dev_4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1_amd64.deb ...

.... ..... ....

Setting up libitm1:amd64 (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1) ...
Setting up libgomp1:amd64 (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1) ...
Setting up libasan0:amd64 (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1) ...
Setting up libatomic1:amd64 (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1) ...
Setting up libtsan0:amd64 (4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1) ...
.... .....

 * Setting sysfs variables...                  [ OK ]
Setting up vlan (1.9-3ubuntu10) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.19-0ubuntu6) ...
Processing triggers for ureadahead (0.100.0-16) ...
Processing triggers for initramfs-tools (0.103ubuntu4.2) ...
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-3.16.0-57-generic
.... ....

如果你的source.list中添加了一些不稳定的源,那么这个包更新过程很可能会失败,从而导致stack.sh执行失败。解决方法就是识别出哪些源导致的失败,将之注释掉!

4、MySQL access denied

继续执行stack.sh,我们遇到了如下MySQL访问错误:

+lib/databases/mysql:configure_database_mysql:91  sudo mysql -u root -p devstack -h 127.0.0.1 -e 'GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO '\''root'\''@'\''%'\'' identified by '\''devstack'\'';'
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: YES)
+lib/databases/mysql:configure_database_mysql:1  exit_trap
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:474                  local r=1
++./stack.sh:exit_trap:475                  jobs -p
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:475                  jobs=
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:478                  [[ -n '' ]]
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:484                  kill_spinner
+./stack.sh:kill_spinner:370               '[' '!' -z '' ']'
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:486                  [[ 1 -ne 0 ]]
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:487                  echo 'Error on exit'
Error on exit
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:488                  generate-subunit 1461911655 5243 fail
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:489                  [[ -z /opt/stack/logs ]]
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:492                  /home/baiming/devstack/tools/worlddump.py -d /opt/stack/logs
World dumping... see /opt/stack/logs/worlddump-2016-04-29-080139.txt for details

这个问题浪费了我不少时间,遍历了许多网上资料,最终下面这个方法解决了问题:

查看/etc/mysql/debian.cnf文件:

# Automatically generated for Debian scripts. DO NOT TOUCH!
[client]
host     = localhost
user     = debian-sys-maint
password = WY9OFagMxMb4YmyV
socket   = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
[mysql_upgrade]
host     = localhost
user     = debian-sys-maint
password = WY9OFagMxMb4YmyV
socket   = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
basedir  = /usr

修改mysql root密码:

$ [root@localhost ~]# mysql -u debian-sys-maint - p

输入密码: WY9OFagMxMb4YmyV  ,进入到mysql数据库

mysql>use mysql  ;
mysql>update user set password=password("你的新密码") where user="root";
mysql>flush privileges;
mysql>exit

然后尝试使用新密码登录,如果登录成功,说明密码修改ok。再执行stack.sh就不会出现MySQL相关错误了。

5、openvswitch/db.sock权限问题

接下来我们遇到的问题是openvswitch/db.sock权限问题,错误日志如下:

+lib/keystone:create_keystone_accounts:368  local admin_project
++lib/keystone:create_keystone_accounts:369  openstack project show admin -f value -c id
Discovering versions from the identity service failed when creating the password plugin. Attempting to determine version from URL.
Could not determine a suitable URL for the plugin
+lib/keystone:create_keystone_accounts:369  admin_project=
+lib/keystone:create_keystone_accounts:1   exit_trap
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:474                  local r=1
++./stack.sh:exit_trap:475                  jobs -p
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:475                  jobs=
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:478                  [[ -n '' ]]
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:484                  kill_spinner
+./stack.sh:kill_spinner:370               '[' '!' -z '' ']'
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:486                  [[ 1 -ne 0 ]]
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:487                  echo 'Error on exit'
Error on exit
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:488                  generate-subunit 1461920296 413 fail
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:489                  [[ -z /opt/stack/logs ]]
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:492                  /home/baiming/devstack/tools/worlddump.py -d /opt/stack/logs
World dumping... see /opt/stack/logs/worlddump-2016-04-29-090510.txt for details
2016-04-29T09:05:10Z|00001|reconnect|WARN|unix:/var/run/openvswitch/db.sock: connection attempt failed (Permission denied)
ovs-vsctl: unix:/var/run/openvswitch/db.sock: database connection failed (Permission denied)
+./stack.sh:exit_trap:498                  exit 1

我们手工执行ovs-vsctl命令:

$ sudo service openvswitch-switch status
openvswitch-switch start/running

 $ ovs-vsctl show
2016-04-29T09:44:19Z|00001|reconnect|WARN|unix:/var/run/openvswitch/db.sock: connection attempt failed (Permission denied)
ovs-vsctl: unix:/var/run/openvswitch/db.sock: database connection failed (Permission denied)

同样的错误。这个问题在网上似乎也没有很好的答案,这里做了一个权限更改处理:

$>chmod 777 /var/run/openvswitch/db.sock

问题解决了!

6、http proxy问题

我们接下来停在了这里:

++lib/keystone:create_keystone_accounts:369  openstack project show admin -f value -c id
Discovering versions from the identity service failed when creating the password plugin. Attempting to determine version from URL.
Could not determine a suitable URL for the plugin

还是停在这里,但这回不是/var/run/openvswitch /db.sock权限问题了。似乎是stack.sh想访问某个url获得一些version信息,但没有获取到。我开始怀疑是代理设置的问题:这个环境是有代理设置的,一旦走代理访问自己,那么肯定什么信息都得不到。但代理还不能去掉,因此很多组件下载都需要使用到代理访问外网。为此我们需要在stackrc中加上no_proxy环境变量:

export no_proxy='10.10.105.71'

再执行stack.sh,至少这个问题是pass了。

四、devstack部署ok

在经过很不耐烦的漫长等待后,devstack终于算是部署成功了!stack.sh打印出了下面信息后成功退出了:

=========================
DevStack Component Timing
=========================
Total runtime         2574

run_process            57
apt-get-update        120
pip_install           859
restart_apache_server  11
wait_for_service       32
apt-get                14
=========================
This is your host IP address: 10.10.105.71
This is your host IPv6 address: ::1
Horizon is now available at http://10.10.105.71/dashboard
Keystone is serving at http://10.10.105.71:5000/
The default users are: admin and demo
The password: devstack
2016-05-03 08:01:03.667 | stack.sh completed in 2574 seconds.

我们看devstack究竟运行了哪些组件:

$ ps -ef|grep python
stack     1464  1461  0 15:24 pts/5    00:00:14 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/dstat -tcmndrylpg --output /opt/stack/logs/dstat-csv.log
stack     1465  1461  6 15:24 pts/5    00:03:01 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/dstat -tcmndrylpg --top-cpu-adv --top-io-adv --swap
stack    11641 11490  0 15:48 pts/10   00:00:03 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/glance-registry --config-file=/etc/glance/glance-registry.conf
stack    11899 11641  0 15:48 pts/10   00:00:00 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/glance-registry --config-file=/etc/glance/glance-registry.conf
stack    11900 11641  0 15:48 pts/10   00:00:00 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/glance-registry --config-file=/etc/glance/glance-registry.conf
stack    11978 11821  1 15:48 pts/11   00:00:24 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/glance-api --config-file=/etc/glance/glance-api.conf
stack    12105 11978  1 15:48 pts/11   00:00:30 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/glance-api --config-file=/etc/glance/glance-api.conf
stack    12106 11978  1 15:48 pts/11   00:00:30 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/glance-api --config-file=/etc/glance/glance-api.conf
stack    13411 13262  2 15:51 pts/12   00:00:29 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/nova-api
stack    13551 13411  0 15:52 pts/12   00:00:03 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/nova-api
stack    13552 13411  0 15:52 pts/12   00:00:03 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/nova-api
stack    13823 13411  0 15:52 pts/12   00:00:00 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/nova-api
stack    13824 13411  0 15:52 pts/12   00:00:00 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/nova-api
stack    14309 14159  1 15:52 pts/13   00:00:25 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/nova-conductor --config-file /etc/nova/nova.conf
stack    15092 14941  3 15:52 pts/14   00:00:39 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/nova-network --config-file /etc/nova/nova.conf
stack    15352 14309  2 15:52 pts/13   00:00:38 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/nova-conductor --config-file /etc/nova/nova.conf
stack    15353 14309  2 15:52 pts/13   00:00:38 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/nova-conductor --config-file /etc/nova/nova.conf
stack    15432 15274  1 15:52 pts/15   00:00:14 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/nova-scheduler --config-file /etc/nova/nova.conf
stack    15920 15768  0 15:52 pts/16   00:00:05 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/nova-novncproxy --config-file /etc/nova/nova.conf --web /opt/stack/noVNC
stack    16571 16415  1 15:52 pts/17   00:00:13 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/nova-consoleauth --config-file /etc/nova/nova.conf
stack    17134 17131  3 15:53 pts/18   00:00:46 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/nova-compute --config-file /etc/nova/nova.conf
stack    17890 17740  1 15:54 pts/19   00:00:23 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/cinder-api --config-file /etc/cinder/cinder.conf
stack    18027 17890  0 15:54 pts/19   00:00:00 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/cinder-api --config-file /etc/cinder/cinder.conf
stack    18028 17890  0 15:54 pts/19   00:00:01 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/cinder-api --config-file /etc/cinder/cinder.conf
stack    18363 18212  2 15:54 pts/20   00:00:33 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/cinder-scheduler --config-file /etc/cinder/cinder.conf
stack    18853 18699  1 15:54 pts/21   00:00:22 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/cinder-volume --config-file /etc/cinder/cinder.conf
stack    19060 18853  2 15:54 pts/21   00:00:28 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/cinder-volume --config-file /etc/cinder/cinder.conf

果然很复杂。devstack的安装体验比OpenStack似乎也好不到那里去。stack.sh执行的时间足够编译10次linux os内核了。好多依赖,好多download。

在devstack目录下,我们还可以执行一下devstack的测试,./exercise.sh会执行这些测试:

*********************************************************************
SUCCESS: End DevStack Exercise: /home/baiming/devstack/exercises/volumes.sh
*********************************************************************
=====================================================================
SKIP neutron-adv-test
SKIP swift
PASS aggregates
PASS client-args
PASS client-env
PASS sec_groups
PASS volumes
FAILED boot_from_volume
FAILED floating_ips
=====================================================================

此刻访问 http://10.10.105.71/dashboard,我们可以看到devstack horizon的首页:

img{512x368}

不过由于是通过SecureCRT端口映射访问到的主页,不知为何,登录后始终无法显示dashboard的页面。但通过后台horizon的日志来看,登录(admin/devstack)是成功的。我们仅能探索cli操作devstack的方式了。

五、CLI方式操作devstack

devstack提供了CLI方式对虚拟机、存储和网络等组件进行操作,其功能还要超过GUI所能提供的。在使用cli工具前,我们需要设置一些cli所需的用户变量,放在shell文件中(比如.bashrc):

export OS_USERNAME=admin
export OS_PASSWORD=devstack
export OS_TENANT_NAME=admin
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://10.10.105.71:5000/v2.0

上述变量生效后,我们就可以通过cli来hack devstack了:

nova位置和nova版本:

$ which nova
/usr/local/bin/nova

$ nova --version
4.0.0

当前image列表:

$ nova image-list
WARNING: Command image-list is deprecated and will be removed after Nova 15.0.0 is released. Use python-glanceclient or openstackclient instead.
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------------+--------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name                            | Status | Server |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------------+--------+--------+
| b3f25af2-b5e1-43fe-8648-842fe48ed380 | cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-uec         | ACTIVE |        |
| d6bcc064-e2aa-4550-89e7-fd2f6a454758 | cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-uec-kernel  | ACTIVE |        |
| 788dec66-8989-4e84-8722-d9f4c9ee5ab0 | cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-uec-ramdisk | ACTIVE |        |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------------+--------+--------+

虚拟机规格列表:

$ nova flavor-list
+----+-----------+-----------+------+-----------+------+-------+-------------+-----------+
| ID | Name      | Memory_MB | Disk | Ephemeral | Swap | VCPUs | RXTX_Factor | Is_Public |
+----+-----------+-----------+------+-----------+------+-------+-------------+-----------+
| 1  | m1.tiny   | 512       | 1    | 0         |      | 1     | 1.0         | True      |
| 2  | m1.small  | 2048      | 20   | 0         |      | 1     | 1.0         | True      |
| 3  | m1.medium | 4096      | 40   | 0         |      | 2     | 1.0         | True      |
| 4  | m1.large  | 8192      | 80   | 0         |      | 4     | 1.0         | True      |
| 42 | m1.nano   | 64        | 0    | 0         |      | 1     | 1.0         | True      |
| 5  | m1.xlarge | 16384     | 160  | 0         |      | 8     | 1.0         | True      |
| 84 | m1.micro  | 128       | 0    | 0         |      | 1     | 1.0         | True      |
| c1 | cirros256 | 256       | 0    | 0         |      | 1     | 1.0         | True      |
| d1 | ds512M    | 512       | 5    | 0         |      | 1     | 1.0         | True      |
| d2 | ds1G      | 1024      | 10   | 0         |      | 1     | 1.0         | True      |
| d3 | ds2G      | 2048      | 10   | 0         |      | 2     | 1.0         | True      |
| d4 | ds4G      | 4096      | 20   | 0         |      | 4     | 1.0         | True      |
+----+-----------+-----------+------+-----------+------+-------+-------------+-----------+

启动一个虚拟机:

$ nova boot --flavor 1 --image b3f25af2-b5e1-43fe-8648-842fe48ed380 devstack_instance_1
+--------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------+
| Property                             | Value                                                          |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------+
| OS-DCF:diskConfig                    | MANUAL                                                         |
| OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone          |                                                                |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:host                 | -                                                              |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:hostname             | devstack-instance-1                                            |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:hypervisor_hostname  | -                                                              |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:instance_name        | instance-00000005                                              |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:kernel_id            | d6bcc064-e2aa-4550-89e7-fd2f6a454758                           |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:launch_index         | 0                                                              |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:ramdisk_id           | 788dec66-8989-4e84-8722-d9f4c9ee5ab0                           |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:reservation_id       | r-3rpqat0r                                                     |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:root_device_name     | -                                                              |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:user_data            | -                                                              |
| OS-EXT-STS:power_state               | 0                                                              |
| OS-EXT-STS:task_state                | scheduling                                                     |
| OS-EXT-STS:vm_state                  | building                                                       |
| OS-SRV-USG:launched_at               | -                                                              |
| OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at             | -                                                              |
| accessIPv4                           |                                                                |
| accessIPv6                           |                                                                |
| adminPass                            | dGBd6vj55vP2                                                   |
| config_drive                         |                                                                |
| created                              | 2016-05-03T09:00:33Z                                           |
| description                          | -                                                              |
| flavor                               | m1.tiny (1)                                                    |
| hostId                               |                                                                |
| host_status                          |                                                                |
| id                                   | bdb93a06-0c4f-434f-a1b5-ae2ca9293c58                           |
| image                                | cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-uec (b3f25af2-b5e1-43fe-8648-842fe48ed380) |
| key_name                             | -                                                              |
| locked                               | False                                                          |
| metadata                             | {}                                                             |
| name                                 | devstack_instance_1                                            |
| os-extended-volumes:volumes_attached | []                                                             |
| progress                             | 0                                                              |
| security_groups                      | default                                                        |
| status                               | BUILD                                                          |
| tenant_id                            | ce19134da8774d509bfa15daaca83665                               |
| updated                              | 2016-05-03T09:00:34Z                                           |
| user_id                              | 45436c9a744b4f41921edb3c368ce5f7                               |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------+

通过nova list可以查看到当前主机上的虚拟机详情:

$ nova list
+--------------------------------------+---------------------+--------+------------+-------------+------------------+
| ID                                   | Name                | Status | Task State | Power State | Networks         |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------+--------+------------+-------------+------------------+
| bdb93a06-0c4f-434f-a1b5-ae2ca9293c58 | devstack_instance_1 | ACTIVE | -          | Running     | private=10.0.0.5 |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------+--------+------------+-------------+------------------+

在host上ping该虚拟机实例,可以ping通:

$ ping 10.0.0.5
PING 10.0.0.5 (10.0.0.5) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.0.5: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.935 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.0.5: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.982 ms
^C
--- 10.0.0.5 ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 1000ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.935/0.958/0.982/0.038 ms

通过网桥工具查看网桥设备,看到多出一个br100的网桥,eth0、vnet0~vnet2均连接在该网桥上:

$ brctl show
bridge name    bridge id        STP enabled    interfaces
br100        8000.0017a447a8a9    no        eth0
                            vnet0
                            vnet1
                            vnet2

挂起虚拟机:

$ nova suspend bdb93a06-0c4f-434f-a1b5-ae2ca9293c58
$ nova list
+--------------------------------------+---------------------+-----------+------------+-------------+------------------+
| ID                                   | Name                | Status    | Task State | Power State | Networks         |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------+-----------+------------+-------------+------------------+
| bdb93a06-0c4f-434f-a1b5-ae2ca9293c58 | devstack_instance_1 | SUSPENDED | -          | Shutdown    | private=10.0.0.5 |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------+-----------+------------+-------------+------------------+

六、小结

devstack号称是为开发准备的,已经“一键化”,但从实际效果来看,体验依旧不佳。由此也可以估计出OpenStack的部署难度和坎坷度了:)。

© 2016, bigwhite. 版权所有.

本文来自:Tony Bai

感谢作者:bigwhite

查看原文:部署devstack

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