golang中的检验hash

getong · · 2978 次点击 · · 开始浏览    
这是一个创建于 的文章,其中的信息可能已经有所发展或是发生改变。

1.对字符串进行hash

大家可以看一下, SHA1 Hashes

Go by Example写道:

The pattern for generating a hash is sha1.New(), sha1.Write(bytes), then sha1.Sum([]byte{}). 

附上golang代码

package main

import (
        "crypto/sha1"
        "fmt"
)


func main() {
        s := "sha1 this string"

        h := sha1.New()

        h.Write([]byte(s))

        bs := h.Sum(nil)

        fmt.Println(s)
        fmt.Printf("%x\n", bs)

}

结果输出为:

sha1 this string
cf23df2207d99a74fbe169e3eba035e633b65d94

而在godoc产生的文档使用io:WriteString代替sha1.Write(),测试2种方法都可以用。

有些文档说,使用io:WriteString,意思更加明显,而且不用像上面要进行类型转换。

h := sha1.New()
io.WriteString(h, "His money is twice tainted: 'taint yours and 'taint mine.")
fmt.Printf("% x", h.Sum(nil))

说个有趣的现象,使用上面代码产生的hash值和命令行中sha1sum的值不一致。

$echo "sha1 this string" | sha1sum
0faabfb58d5c522f47944173f2953f40ecfc2975  -
$
$cat a.txt 
sha1 this string
$sha1sum a.txt
0faabfb58d5c522f47944173f2953f40ecfc2975  a.txt
$

可以看到,上面2个结果是一致的,但与我们上面golang代码的输出不一致。

原因是,命令行echo会在字符串后面添加一个换行符,导致整个hash值变化。大家可以自行在golang的代码中,在验证的字符串中添加换行符测试看看。

2.对文本进行hash

参考 google论坛

模式是,os.Open(file), io.Copy(dst,src), sha1.Sum()

摘录2个github代码,代码在原来的基础上有修改。

go md5/sha1 example

/*
Hash - Guillermo Estrada

Simple utility to obtain the MD5 and/or SHA-1 
of a file from the command line.

package main

import (
        "io"
        "os"
        "fmt"
        "flag"
        "crypto/md5"
        "crypto/sha1"
)

func main() {

        md5f := flag.Bool("md5", false, "-md5 calculate md5 hash of file")
        sha1f := flag.Bool("sha1", false, "-sha1 calculate sha1 hash of file")
        flag.Parse()

        if !*md5f && !*sha1f {
                fmt.Println("err: No hash specified. Use -md5 or -sha1 or both.")
                os.Exit(1)
        }



        infile, inerr := os.Open(flag.Arg(0))
        if inerr == nil {
                if *md5f {  
                        md5h := md5.New()
                        io.Copy(md5h,infile)
                        fmt.Printf("%x  %s\n",md5h.Sum(nil), flag.Arg(0))
                }
                if *sha1f {  
                        sha1h := sha1.New()
                        io.Copy(sha1h,infile)
                        fmt.Printf("%x  %s\n",sha1h.Sum(nil), flag.Arg(0))
                }

        } else {
                fmt.Println(inerr)
                os.Exit(1)
        }
}

命令行调用:

#for a in md5 sha1 ; do echo ${a}sum; ./hash -$a /bin/ls; ${a}sum /bin/ls; echo; done
md5sum
b691e28e120f6989e37c7db21cb51931  /bin/ls
b691e28e120f6989e37c7db21cb51931  /bin/ls

sha1sum
502202e177bb8677c8c3b059cc1401d1524806c8  /bin/ls
502202e177bb8677c8c3b059cc1401d1524806c8  /bin/ls

#

hashes.go

/*
Hash - Guillermo Estrada

Simple utility to obtain the MD5 and/or SHA-1 
of a file from the command line.

2011

Edited: Marko Mikulicic 2011
*/

package main

import (
        "io"
        "os"
        "fmt"
        "flag"
        "hash"
        "crypto/md5"
        "crypto/sha1"
        "crypto/sha256"
        "crypto/sha512"
        //"crypto/ripemd160"
)

func main() {

        algos := [...]string{"md5", "sha1", "sha256", "sha512" }
        impls := [...]hash.Hash{md5.New(), sha1.New(), sha256.New(), sha512.New() }
        flags := make([]*bool, len(algos))
        for i, a := range algos {
                flags[i] = flag.Bool(a, false, fmt.Sprintf("-%s calculate %s hash of file", a, a))
        }

        flag.Parse()


        any := false
        for _, f := range flags {
                any = any || *f
        }
        if any == false {
                fmt.Println("err: No hash specified. Please run with --help to see list of supported hash algos")
                os.Exit(1)
        }


        infile, err := os.Open(flag.Arg(0))
        if err != nil {
                fmt.Println(err)
                os.Exit(1)
        }


        writers := make([]io.Writer, 0, len(impls))
        for i, flag := range flags {
                if *flag {
                        writers = append(writers, impls[i])
                }
        }

        dest := io.MultiWriter(writers...)

        io.Copy(dest, infile)

        for i, flag := range flags {
                if *flag {
                        fmt.Printf("%s: \n%x\n", algos[i], impls[i].Sum(nil))
                }
        }

}

命令行调用:

#for a in md5 sha1 sha256 sha512 ; do ./hashes -$a /bin/ls; ${a}sum /bin/ls; echo; done
md5: 
b691e28e120f6989e37c7db21cb51931
b691e28e120f6989e37c7db21cb51931  /bin/ls

sha1: 
502202e177bb8677c8c3b059cc1401d1524806c8
502202e177bb8677c8c3b059cc1401d1524806c8  /bin/ls

sha256: 
1e87d99599ddea2a93f060b50a54066e8b756d752158e6147cbb99b06eb11d99
1e87d99599ddea2a93f060b50a54066e8b756d752158e6147cbb99b06eb11d99  /bin/ls

sha512: 
343b38486ad17c5813026c9df7e1ce7e268d7c64e70439aebddcafdfe10a0dfc9f55bf8169c3e592942f50bb408a852dfd1fb08e0bcadf214bc89dbf72d693f8
343b38486ad17c5813026c9df7e1ce7e268d7c64e70439aebddcafdfe10a0dfc9f55bf8169c3e592942f50bb408a852dfd1fb08e0bcadf214bc89dbf72d693f8  /bin/ls

#

 

本文来自:博客园

感谢作者:getong

查看原文:golang中的检验hash

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