Go 语言读写 Excel 文档

xurime · · 10036 次点击 · · 开始浏览    
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https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Luxurioust/excelize/master/excelize.png

Excelize 是 Golang 编写的一个用来操作 Office Excel 文档类库,基于微软的 Office OpenXML 标准。可以使用它来读取、写入 XLSX 文件。相比较其他的开源类库,Excelize 支持写入原本带有图片(表)的文档,还支持向 Excel 中插入图片,并且在保存后不会丢失图表样式。

项目主页 github.com/Luxurioust/excelize

安装

go get github.com/Luxurioust/excelize

创建 XLSX

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "os"

    "github.com/Luxurioust/excelize"
)

func main() {
    xlsx := excelize.CreateFile()
    // Create a new sheet.
    xlsx.NewSheet(2, "Sheet2")
    // Set value of a cell.
    xlsx.SetCellValue("Sheet2", "A2", "Hello world.")
    xlsx.SetCellValue("Sheet1", "B2", 100)
    // Set active sheet of the workbook.
    xlsx.SetActiveSheet(2)
    // Save xlsx file by the given path.
    err := xlsx.WriteTo("./Workbook.xlsx")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
        os.Exit(1)
    }
}

读写已有文档

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "os"
    "strconv"

    "github.com/Luxurioust/excelize"
)

func main() {
    xlsx, err := excelize.OpenFile("./Workbook.xlsx")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
        os.Exit(1)
    }
    // Get value from cell by given sheet index and axis.
    cell := xlsx.GetCellValue("Sheet1", "B2")
    fmt.Println(cell)
    // Get sheet index.
    index := xlsx.GetSheetIndex("Sheet2")
    // Get all the rows in a sheet.
    rows := xlsx.GetRows("sheet" + strconv.Itoa(index))
    for _, row := range rows {
        for _, colCell := range row {
            fmt.Print(colCell, "\t")
        }
        fmt.Println()
    }
}

向 Excel 中插入图表


package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "os"

    "github.com/Luxurioust/excelize"
)

func main() {
    categories := map[string]string{"A2": "Small", "A3": "Normal", "A4": "Large", "B1": "Apple", "C1": "Orange", "D1": "Pear"}
    values := map[string]int{"B2": 2, "C2": 3, "D2": 3, "B3": 5, "C3": 2, "D3": 4, "B4": 6, "C4": 7, "D4": 8}
    xlsx := excelize.CreateFile()
    for k, v := range categories {
        xlsx.SetCellValue("Sheet1", k, v)
    }
    for k, v := range values {
        xlsx.SetCellValue("Sheet1", k, v)
    }
    xlsx.AddChart("Sheet1", "E1", `{"type":"bar3D","series":[{"name":"=Sheet1!$A$2","categories":"=Sheet1!$B$1:$D$1","values":"=Sheet1!$B$2:$D$2"},{"name":"=Sheet1!$A$2","categories":"=Sheet1!$B$1:$D$1","values":"=Sheet1!$B$3:$D$3"},{"name":"=Sheet1!$A$3","categories":"=Sheet1!$B$1:$D$1","values":"=Sheet1!$B$4:$D$4"}],"title":{"name":"Fruit 3D Line Chart"}}`)
    // Save xlsx file by the given path.
    err := xlsx.WriteTo("./Workbook.xlsx")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
        os.Exit(1)
    }
}

向 Excel 中插入图片

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "os"
    _ "image/gif"
    _ "image/jpeg"
    _ "image/png"

    "github.com/Luxurioust/excelize"
)

func main() {
    xlsx, err := excelize.OpenFile("./Workbook.xlsx")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
        os.Exit(1)
    }
    // Insert a picture.
    err = xlsx.AddPicture("Sheet1", "A2", "./image1.gif", "")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
    }
    // Insert a picture to sheet with scaling.
    err = xlsx.AddPicture("Sheet1", "D2", "./image2.jpg", `{"x_scale": 0.5, "y_scale": 0.5}`)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
    }
    // Insert a picture offset in the cell with printing support.
    err = xlsx.AddPicture("Sheet1", "H2", "./image3.gif", `{"x_offset": 15, "y_offset": 10, "print_obj": true, "lock_aspect_ratio": false, "locked": false}`)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
    }
    // Save the xlsx file with the origin path.
    err = xlsx.Save()
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
        os.Exit(1)
    }
}

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本文来自:简书

感谢作者:xurime

查看原文:Go 语言读写 Excel 文档

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