Go技术日报(2020-12-30)

Han-Ya-Jun · · 266 次点击 · 开始浏览    置顶

<section id="nice" data-tool="mdnice编辑器" data-website="https://www.mdnice.com" style="font-size: 16px; color: black; padding: 0 10px; line-height: 1.6; word-spacing: 0px; letter-spacing: 0px; word-break: break-word; word-wrap: break-word; text-align: left; font-family: Optima-Regular, Optima, PingFangSC-light, PingFangTC-light, 'PingFang SC', Cambria, Cochin, Georgia, Times, 'Times New Roman', serif;"><h2 data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 30px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; font-weight: bold; color: black; border-bottom: 2px solid rgb(239, 112, 96); font-size: 1.3em;"><span class="prefix" style="display: none;"></span><span class="content" style="display: inline-block; font-weight: bold; background: rgb(239, 112, 96); color: #ffffff; padding: 3px 10px 1px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; margin-right: 3px;">go中文网每日资讯--2020-12-30</span><span class="suffix"></span><span style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: bottom; border-bottom: 36px solid #efebe9; border-right: 20px solid transparent;"> </span></h2> <p data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;">一、#公众号:Go语言中文网</p> <ol data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 8px; margin-bottom: 8px; padding-left: 25px; color: black; list-style-type: decimal;"> <li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;"><p style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;"><a href="https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/VcW9IPIpkUm6TYH62EYGKw" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">由 C# 改为 Go,用更少的资源将 API 的响应时间减少了 87%</a></p> </section></li><li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;"><p style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;"><a href="https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/viLyJjvPS6W1bpLNc6H-nQ" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">长沙也有 Go 职位了:映客直播招聘 Go 开发高级工程师</a></p> </section></li><li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;"><p style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;"><a href="https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/IDpVEQC_qRmTDH1k6tS5lQ" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">Go 经典入门系列 30:错误处理</a></p> </section></li></ol> <p data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;">二、#公众号:亚军进化史</p> <ol data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 8px; margin-bottom: 8px; padding-left: 25px; color: black; list-style-type: decimal;"> <li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;"><a href="https://studygolang.com/topics/12877" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">Go技术日报--2020-12-29</a></section></li></ol> <p data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;">三、#公众号:微服务实践</p> <ol data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 8px; margin-bottom: 8px; padding-left: 25px; color: black; list-style-type: decimal;"> <li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;"><a href="https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/Pwv1Fna0WX0VDnFQT6BROw" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">基于prometheus的微服务指标监控</a></section></li></ol> <p data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;">四、#公众号:五分选手</p> <ol data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 8px; margin-bottom: 8px; padding-left: 25px; color: black; list-style-type: decimal;"> <li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;"><a href="https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/kQk4yeHrbS8tKK9m2DHDZA" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">HTTPS 温故知新(五) —— TLS 中的密钥计算</a></section></li></ol> <p data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;">六、#公众号:CloudNativeCommunity</p> <ol data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 8px; margin-bottom: 8px; padding-left: 25px; color: black; list-style-type: decimal;"> <li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;"><a href="https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/vIuyw_Bp3qQfmfIfz2LjaA" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">还在手写 Operator?是时候使用 Kubebuilder 了</a></section></li></ol> <p data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;">七、#公众号:代码与远方</p> <ol data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 8px; margin-bottom: 8px; padding-left: 25px; color: black; list-style-type: decimal;"> <li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;"><a href="https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/NG4mH9GgHV-HjMoOflFsUg" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); 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word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">Week03: Go并发编程(八) 深入理解 sync.Once</a></section></li></ol> <p data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;">九、鸟窝</p> <ol data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 8px; margin-bottom: 8px; padding-left: 25px; color: black; list-style-type: decimal;"> <li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;"><a href="https://colobu.com/2020/12/27/go-with-os-exec/" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">go os/exec 简明教程</a></section></li></ol> <h2 data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 30px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; font-weight: bold; color: black; border-bottom: 2px solid rgb(239, 112, 96); font-size: 1.3em;"><span class="prefix" style="display: none;"></span><span class="content" style="display: inline-block; 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margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;"><p style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;"><a href="https://www.infracloud.io/blogs/using-linkerd-with-yugabytedb/" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">在YugabyteDB中使用Linkerd </a></p> </section></li><li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;"><p style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;"><a href="https://kinvolk.io/blog/2020/12/egress-filtering-benchmark-part-2-calico-and-cilium/" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">Calico和Cilium集群出口过滤性能测试对比 </a></p> </section></li><li><section style="margin-top: 5px; 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padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;"><a href="https://leetcode-cn.com/problems/palindrome-linked-list/" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">lc234 回文链表</a></p> <h2 data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 30px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; font-weight: bold; color: black; border-bottom: 2px solid rgb(239, 112, 96); font-size: 1.3em;"><span class="prefix" style="display: none;"></span><span class="content" style="display: inline-block; font-weight: bold; background: rgb(239, 112, 96); color: #ffffff; padding: 3px 10px 1px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; margin-right: 3px;">面试问题</span><span class="suffix"></span><span style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: bottom; border-bottom: 36px solid #efebe9; border-right: 20px solid transparent;"> </span></h2> <p data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;">谈一谈索引下推,索引覆盖,索引失效。</p> <h2 data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 30px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; font-weight: bold; color: black; border-bottom: 2px solid rgb(239, 112, 96); font-size: 1.3em;"><span class="prefix" style="display: none;"></span><span class="content" style="display: inline-block; font-weight: bold; background: rgb(239, 112, 96); color: #ffffff; padding: 3px 10px 1px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; margin-right: 3px;">群友问题</span><span class="suffix"></span><span style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: bottom; border-bottom: 36px solid #efebe9; border-right: 20px solid transparent;"> </span></h2> <p data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;">interface何时为nil?</p> <h2 data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 30px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; font-weight: bold; color: black; border-bottom: 2px solid rgb(239, 112, 96); font-size: 1.3em;"><span class="prefix" style="display: none;"></span><span class="content" style="display: inline-block; font-weight: bold; background: rgb(239, 112, 96); color: #ffffff; padding: 3px 10px 1px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; margin-right: 3px;">群友文章分享</span><span class="suffix"></span><span style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: bottom; border-bottom: 36px solid #efebe9; border-right: 20px solid transparent;"> </span></h2> <p data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;">1.<a href="https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/rZGEAsMevBfTDdR3anA7-g" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">Kubernetes 学习笔记之 ServiceAccount AdmissionController 源码解析</a></p> <p data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0; line-height: 26px; color: black;">2.<a href="https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/jw3mihPFHCkhYH5wEwG2gA" style="text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(239, 112, 96); border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(239, 112, 96);">测试开发技术合集</a></p> <h2 data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 30px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; font-weight: bold; color: black; border-bottom: 2px solid rgb(239, 112, 96); font-size: 1.3em;"><span class="prefix" style="display: none;"></span><span class="content" style="display: inline-block; font-weight: bold; background: rgb(239, 112, 96); color: #ffffff; padding: 3px 10px 1px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; margin-right: 3px;">上期面试问题解答</span><span class="suffix"></span><span style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: bottom; border-bottom: 36px solid #efebe9; border-right: 20px solid transparent;"> </span></h2> <ol data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 8px; margin-bottom: 8px; padding-left: 25px; color: black; list-style-type: decimal;"> <li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;">为什么要使用索引(要点:建立索引的主要原因)</section></li></ol> <blockquote class="multiquote-1" data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="border: none; display: block; font-size: 0.9em; overflow: auto; overflow-scrolling: touch; border-left: 3px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4); color: #6a737d; padding-top: 10px; padding-bottom: 10px; padding-left: 20px; padding-right: 10px; margin-bottom: 20px; margin-top: 20px; border-left-color: rgb(239, 112, 96); background: #fff9f9;"> <p style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0px; color: black; line-height: 26px;">答:通过创建唯一性索引,可以保证数据库表中每一行数据的唯一性。可以大大加快数据的检索速度(大大减少的检索的数据量), 这也是创建索引的最主要的原因。帮助服务器避免排序和临时表。将随机IO变为顺序IO,可以加速表和表之间的连接,特别是在实现数据的参考完整性方面特别有意义</p> </blockquote> <ol start="2" data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 8px; margin-bottom: 8px; padding-left: 25px; color: black; list-style-type: decimal;"> <li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;">索引这么多优点,为什么不对表中的每一个列创建一个索引呢?(要点:索引的优缺点)</section></li></ol> <blockquote class="multiquote-1" data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="border: none; display: block; font-size: 0.9em; overflow: auto; overflow-scrolling: touch; border-left: 3px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4); color: #6a737d; padding-top: 10px; padding-bottom: 10px; padding-left: 20px; padding-right: 10px; margin-bottom: 20px; margin-top: 20px; border-left-color: rgb(239, 112, 96); background: #fff9f9;"> <p style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0px; color: black; line-height: 26px;">答: 创建索引和维护索引需要耗费许多时间:当对表中的数据进行增删改的时候,如果数据有索引,那么索引也需要动态的修改,会降低SQL执行效率。占用物理存储空间,索引需要使用物理文件存储,也会耗费一定空间。</p> </blockquote> <ol start="3" data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 8px; margin-bottom: 8px; padding-left: 25px; color: black; list-style-type: decimal;"> <li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;">使用索引的注意事项?(要点:索引经常遇到的问题,如何更好的建立索引)</section></li></ol> <blockquote class="multiquote-1" data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="border: none; display: block; font-size: 0.9em; overflow: auto; overflow-scrolling: touch; border-left: 3px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4); color: #6a737d; padding-top: 10px; padding-bottom: 10px; padding-left: 20px; padding-right: 10px; margin-bottom: 20px; margin-top: 20px; border-left-color: rgb(239, 112, 96); background: #fff9f9;"> <p style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0px; color: black; line-height: 26px;">答: 在经常需要搜索的列上,可以加快搜索的速度;在经常使用在WHERE子句中的列上面创建索引,加快条件的判断速度。在经常需要排序的列上创 建索引,因为索引已经排序,这样查询可以利用索引的排序,加快排序查询时间;对于中到大型表索引都是非常有效的,但是特大型表的话维护开销会很大,不适合建索引;在经常用在连接的列上,这 些列主要是一些外键,可以加快连接的速度;避免 where 子句中对字段施加函数,这会造成无法命中索引;在使用InnoDB时使用与业务无关的自增主键作为主键,即使用逻辑主键,而不要使用业务主键=</p> </blockquote> <ol start="4" data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 8px; margin-bottom: 8px; padding-left: 25px; color: black; list-style-type: decimal;"> <li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;">为什么要用 Redis 而不用 map/guava 做缓存?</section></li></ol> <blockquote class="multiquote-1" data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="border: none; display: block; font-size: 0.9em; overflow: auto; overflow-scrolling: touch; border-left: 3px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4); color: #6a737d; padding-top: 10px; padding-bottom: 10px; padding-left: 20px; padding-right: 10px; margin-bottom: 20px; margin-top: 20px; border-left-color: rgb(239, 112, 96); background: #fff9f9;"> <p style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0px; color: black; line-height: 26px;">答:缓存分为本地缓存和分布式缓存。以java为例,使用自带的map或者guava实现的是本地缓存,最主要的特点是轻量以及快速,生命周期随着jvm的销毁而结束,并且在多实例的情况下,每个实例都需要各自保存一份缓存,缓存不具有一致性。使用redis或memcached之类的称为分布式缓存,在多实例的情况下,各实例共用一份缓存数据,缓存具有一致性。缺点是需要保持redis或memcached服务的高可用,整个程序架构上较为复杂</p> </blockquote> <ol start="5" data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 8px; margin-bottom: 8px; padding-left: 25px; color: black; list-style-type: decimal;"> <li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;">Redis有哪些数据类型</section></li></ol> <blockquote class="multiquote-1" data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="border: none; display: block; font-size: 0.9em; overflow: auto; overflow-scrolling: touch; border-left: 3px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4); color: #6a737d; padding-top: 10px; padding-bottom: 10px; padding-left: 20px; padding-right: 10px; margin-bottom: 20px; margin-top: 20px; border-left-color: rgb(239, 112, 96); background: #fff9f9;"> <p style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0px; color: black; line-height: 26px;">答:字符串 String、字典 Hash、列表 List、集合 Set、有序集合 SortedSet。如果你是 Redis 中高级用户,还需要加上下面几种数据结构 HyperLogLog、Geo、Pub/Sub。</p> </blockquote> <blockquote class="multiquote-1" data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="border: none; display: block; font-size: 0.9em; overflow: auto; overflow-scrolling: touch; border-left: 3px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4); color: #6a737d; padding-top: 10px; padding-bottom: 10px; padding-left: 20px; padding-right: 10px; margin-bottom: 20px; margin-top: 20px; border-left-color: rgb(239, 112, 96); background: #fff9f9;"> <p style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0px; color: black; line-height: 26px;">编辑: Amartya 果果<br> 更多内容详见:https://www.yuque.com/wuguoguoya/eqzzkl/biiduq</p> </blockquote> <ul data-tool="mdnice编辑器" style="margin-top: 8px; margin-bottom: 8px; padding-left: 25px; color: black; list-style-type: disc;"> <li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;">归档地址:https://github.com/Han-Ya-Jun/gocn_news_set</section></li><li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;">Go 技术日报交流群: <blockquote class="multiquote-1" style="border: none; display: block; font-size: 0.9em; overflow: auto; overflow-scrolling: touch; border-left: 3px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4); color: #6a737d; padding-top: 10px; padding-bottom: 10px; padding-left: 20px; padding-right: 10px; margin-bottom: 20px; margin-top: 20px; border-left-color: rgb(239, 112, 96); background: #fff9f9;"> <p style="font-size: 16px; padding-top: 8px; padding-bottom: 8px; margin: 0px; color: black; line-height: 26px;">可以关注公众号回复:<strong style="font-weight: bold; color: black;">微信</strong>,拉你入群。</p> </blockquote> </section></li><li><section style="margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; line-height: 26px; text-align: left; color: rgb(1,1,1); font-weight: 500;">订阅公众号: <strong style="font-weight: bold; color: black;">亚军进化史</strong> <img src="https://cdn.hanyajun.com/%E6%89%AB%E7%A0%81_%E6%90%9C%E7%B4%A2%E8%81%94%E5%90%88%E4%BC%A0%E6%92%AD%E6%A0%B7%E5%BC%8F-%E6%A0%87%E5%87%86%E8%89%B2%E7%89%88.png" alt style="display: block; margin: 0 auto; max-width: 100%;"></section></li></ul> </section>

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