Golang不一样的Swagger体验

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## Golang不一样的swagger ### 什么是swagger Swagger 是一个规范且完整的框架,用于生成、描述、调用和可视化 RESTful 风格的 Web 服务。 ### swag [zc2638/swag](https://github.com/zc2638/swag) 是一个轻量级的库,可以为Go项目生成swagger json。 没有代码生成,没有框架约束,无须使用注释信息去实现伪注解,只有一个简单的swagger结构定义。 原始代码库savaki/swag,由于作者不再维护,故在此基础上的修改版本。 ### 使用 #### 获取 ``` go get github.com/zc2638/swag ``` #### Endpoint swag提供了一个单独的程序包,endpoint用来创建一个特定的接口定义,这些接口定义可以通过swag.Endpoints(...)挂载。 在这个简单的示例中,我们生成一个接口定义来获取所有pet。接口定义只需要接口请求方式和路径,为了使swagger定义完整,需要约束返回结果。 ```go allPets := endpoint.New(http.MethodGet, "/pet", endpoint.ResponseSuccess()) ``` 当然,也可以指定多个自定义返回结果: ```go allPets := endpoint.New("get", "/pet", endpoint.Summary("Return all the pets"), endpoint.Response(http.StatusOk, Pet{}, "Successful operation"), endpoint.Response(http.StatusInternalServerError, Error{}, "Oops ... something went wrong"), ) ``` #### Walk Walk是简化所有接口定义遍历的方法。有关如何使用Walk方法将接口定义绑定到指定框架的路由上,请参见下面的完整示例。 ```go api := swag.New( swag.Title("Swagger Petstore"), swag.Endpoints(post, get), ) router := gin.Default() // iterate over each endpoint, if we've defined a handler, we can use it to bind to the router. We're using ```gin`` // in this example, but any web framework will do. api.Walk(func(path string, endpoint *swagger.Endpoint) { h := endpoint.Handler.(func(c *gin.Context)) path = swag.ColonPath(path) router.Handle(endpoint.Method, path, h) }) ``` #### 完整示例 ```go // Copyright 2020 zc2638 // // Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); // you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. // You may obtain a copy of the License at // // http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 // // Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software // distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, // WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. // See the License for the specific language governing permissions and // limitations under the License. // package main import ( "io" "net/http" "github.com/zc2638/swag" "github.com/zc2638/swag/endpoint" "github.com/zc2638/swag/swagger" ) func handle(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) { io.WriteString(w, req.Method+" - Insert your code here") } // Category example from the swagger pet store type Category struct { ID int64 `json:"category"` Name string `json:"name" enum:"dog,cat"` } // Pet example from the swagger pet store type Pet struct { ID int64 `json:"id"` Category Category `json:"category"` Name string `json:"name" required:"" example:"张三" desc:"名称"` PhotoUrls []string `json:"photoUrls"` Tags []string `json:"tags"` Test } type Test struct { A string `json:"a"` } func main() { post := endpoint.New("post", "/pet", endpoint.Summary("Add a new pet to the store"), endpoint.Handler(handle), endpoint.Description("Additional information on adding a pet to the store"), endpoint.Body(Pet{}, "Pet object that needs to be added to the store", true), endpoint.Response(http.StatusOK, "Successfully added pet", endpoint.Schema(Pet{})), endpoint.Security("petstore_auth", "read:pets", "write:pets"), ) get := endpoint.New("get", "/pet/{petId}", endpoint.Summary("Find pet by ID"), endpoint.Handler(handle), endpoint.Path("petId", "integer", "ID of pet to return", true), endpoint.Response(http.StatusOK, "successful operation", endpoint.Schema(Pet{})), endpoint.Security("petstore_auth", "read:pets"), ) api := swag.New( swag.Endpoints(post, get), swag.Security("petstore_auth", "read:pets"), swag.SecurityScheme("petstore_auth", swagger.OAuth2Security("accessCode", "http://example.com/oauth/authorize", "http://example.com/oauth/token"), swagger.OAuth2Scope("write:pets", "modify pets in your account"), swagger.OAuth2Scope("read:pets", "read your pets"), ), ) for path, endpoints := range api.Paths { http.Handle(path, endpoints) } enableCors := true http.Handle("/swagger", api.Handler(enableCors)) http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil) } ``` 可以使用内置方法```swag.New().Handler(false)```生成解析好的Swagger JSON定义。 指定Struct Tag生成额外内容: - required: 是否必须 - desc: 描述 - description: 描述,作用同desc - example: 默认示例 - enum: 枚举定义,逗号分隔 ### 快速生成在线版本swagger [参考官方UI](https://github.com/swagger-api/swagger-ui) #### Webpack [参考](https://github.com/swagger-api/swagger-ui/tree/master/docs/samples/webpack-getting-started) #### Docker > docker run -p 8080:8080 -e SWAGGER\_JSON\_URL=https://petstore.swagger.io/v1/swagger.json swaggerapi/swagger-ui #### Kubernetes swagger-ui.yaml ```yaml apiVersion: apps/v1 kind: Deployment metadata: name: swagger-ui labels: app: swagger-ui spec: selector: matchLabels: app: swagger-ui template: metadata: name: swagger-ui labels: app: swagger-ui spec: containers: - name: swagger-ui image: swaggerapi/swagger-ui:latest env: - name: SWAGGER_JSON_URL value: 'https://petstore.swagger.io/v1/swagger.json' --- apiVersion: v1 kind: Service metadata: name: swagger-ui labels: app: swagger-ui spec: ports: - name: swagger-ui-80 port: 80 selector: app: swagger-ui type: NodePort ``` > kubectl app -f swagger-ui.yaml <img width="100%" src="https://static.studygolang.com/210111/e908853fb0786972884954733597f9f0.png" /> ### 最后 传送门:[**https://github.com/zc2638/swag**](https://github.com/zc2638/swag)

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