etcd v3 服务注册与发现 Go代码

sevenPP · · 1565 次点击 · · 开始浏览    
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本文整理一下思路,编写示例(golang),以便加深etcd的理解

大致如下,监听程序为master,服务为service

1 service 启动时向etcd注册自己的信息,即注册到services/  这个目录 

2 service 可能异常推出,需要维护一个TTL(V3 使用 lease实现),类似于心跳,挂掉了,master可以监听到

3 master监听 services/ 目录下的所有服务,根据不同action(V3有put/delete),进行处理

service注册 

提供 key(service name), value(serviceInfo)进行registered

start 启动后,执行keeplive(), 维护心跳,挂掉时revoke()

同时监听 stop chan, 相当于unregistered

package discovery

import (
    "github.com/coreos/etcd/clientv3"
    "context"
    "time"
    "log"
    "encoding/json"
    "errors"
)

//the detail of service 
type ServiceInfo struct{
    IP   string
}

type Service struct {
    Name        string
    Info        ServiceInfo
    stop        chan error
    leaseid     clientv3.LeaseID
    client      *clientv3.Client
}

func NewService(name string, info ServiceInfo,endpoints []string) (*Service, error) {
    cli, err := clientv3.New(clientv3.Config{
        Endpoints:    endpoints,
        DialTimeout: 2*time.Second,
    })

    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
        return nil, err
    }

    return &Service {
        Name:        name,
        Info:        info,
        stop:        make (chan error),
        client:     cli,
    },err
}

func (s *Service)  Start() error {
    
    ch, err := s.keepAlive()
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
        return err
    }

    for {
        select {
        case err := <- s.stop:
            s.revoke()
            return err
        case <- s.client.Ctx().Done():
            return errors.New("server closed")
        case ka, ok := <-ch:
            if !ok {
                log.Println("keep alive channel closed")
                s.revoke()
                return nil
            } else {
                log.Printf("Recv reply from service: %s, ttl:%d", s.Name, ka.TTL)
            }
        }
    }
}

func (s *Service) Stop()  {
    s.stop <- nil 
}

func (s *Service) keepAlive() (<-chan *clientv3.LeaseKeepAliveResponse, error){

    info := &s.Info

    key := "services/" + s.Name
    value, _ := json.Marshal(info)

    // minimum lease TTL is 5-second
    resp, err := s.client.Grant(context.TODO(), 5)
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
        return nil, err
    }

    _, err = s.client.Put(context.TODO(), key, string(value), clientv3.WithLease(resp.ID))
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
        return nil, err
    }
    s.leaseid = resp.ID

    return  s.client.KeepAlive(context.TODO(), resp.ID)
}

func (s *Service) revoke() error {

    _, err := s.client.Revoke(context.TODO(), s.leaseid)
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }
    log.Printf("servide:%s stop\n", s.Name)
    return err
}

监听程序Master

提供监听路径path,启动master,当put时加入 map,  delete时 从map去掉

package discovery

import (
    "github.com/coreos/etcd/clientv3"
    "context"
    "log"
    "time"
    "encoding/json"
    "fmt"
)

type Master struct {
    Path         string
    Nodes         map[string] *Node
    Client         *clientv3.Client
}

//node is a client 
type Node struct {
    State    bool
    Key        string
    Info    ServiceInfo
}


func NewMaster(endpoints []string, watchPath string) (*Master,error) {
    cli, err := clientv3.New(clientv3.Config{
        Endpoints:    endpoints,
        DialTimeout: time.Second,
    })

    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
        return nil,err
    }

    master := &Master {
        Path:    watchPath,
        Nodes:    make(map[string]*Node),
        Client: cli,
    }

    go master.WatchNodes()
    return master,err
}

func (m *Master) AddNode(key string,info *ServiceInfo) {
    node := &Node{
        State:    true,
        Key:    key,
        Info:    *info,
    }

    m.Nodes[node.Key] = node
}


func GetServiceInfo(ev *clientv3.Event) *ServiceInfo {
    info := &ServiceInfo{}
    err := json.Unmarshal([]byte(ev.Kv.Value), info)
    if err != nil {
        log.Println(err)
    }
    return info
}

func (m *Master) WatchNodes()  {
    rch := m.Client.Watch(context.Background(), m.Path, clientv3.WithPrefix())
    for wresp := range rch {
        for _, ev := range wresp.Events {
            switch ev.Type {
                case clientv3.EventTypePut:
                    fmt.Printf("[%s] %q : %q\n", ev.Type, ev.Kv.Key, ev.Kv.Value)
                    info := GetServiceInfo(ev)    
                    m.AddNode(string(ev.Kv.Key),info)
                case clientv3.EventTypeDelete:
                    fmt.Printf("[%s] %q : %q\n", ev.Type, ev.Kv.Key, ev.Kv.Value)
                    delete(m.Nodes, string(ev.Kv.Key))
            }
        }
    }
}

service使用示例,20s后断开

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	dis "discovery"
	"log"
	"time"
)

func main() {

	serviceName := "s-test"
	serviceInfo := dis.ServiceInfo{IP:"192.168.1.26"}

	s, err := dis.NewService(serviceName, serviceInfo,[]string {
		"http://192.168.1.17:2379",
 		"http://192.168.1.17:2479",
 		"http://192.168.1.17:2579",
	})

	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	fmt.Printf("name:%s, ip:%s\n", s.Name, s.Info.IP)


	go func() {
		time.Sleep(time.Second*20)
		s.Stop()
	}()
	
	s.Start()
}

 master使用示例

package main

import (
	"log"
	"time"
	"fmt"
	dis "discovery"
)

func main() {

	m, err := dis.NewMaster([]string{
		"http://192.168.1.17:2379",
		"http://192.168.1.17:2479",
		"http://192.168.1.17:2579",
	}, "services/")

	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	for {
		for k, v := range  m.Nodes {
			fmt.Printf("node:%s, ip=%s\n", k, v.Info.IP)
		}
		fmt.Printf("nodes num = %d\n",len(m.Nodes))
		time.Sleep(time.Second * 5)
	}
}

 

执行结果(需要提前搭建 etcd服务器,可以到github下载,文末提供简单启动脚本)

go run master

go run service

 

etcd服务器启动脚本(执行环境 CentOS6.5)

#!/bin/sh

work_path=$(dirname $0)
cd ./${work_path}

#echo $(pwd)
#echo `date`

case $1 in

1)
echo -e "[1]start first server\n"
./etcd --name cd0 --initial-advertise-peer-urls http://127.0.0.1:2380 \
  --listen-peer-urls http://127.0.0.1:2380 \
  --listen-client-urls http://192.168.1.17:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379 \
  --advertise-client-urls http://192.168.1.17:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379 \
  --initial-cluster-token etcd-cluster-1 \
  --initial-cluster cd0=http://127.0.0.1:2380,cd1=http://127.0.0.1:2480,cd2=http://127.0.0.1:2580 \
  --initial-cluster-state new
  ;;
2)
echo -e "[2]start second  server\n"
./etcd --name cd1 --initial-advertise-peer-urls http://127.0.0.1:2480 \
  --listen-peer-urls http://127.0.0.1:2480 \
  --listen-client-urls http://192.168.1.17:2479,http://127.0.0.1:2479 \
  --advertise-client-urls http://192.168.1.17:2479,http://127.0.0.1:2479 \
  --initial-cluster-token etcd-cluster-1 \
  --initial-cluster cd0=http://127.0.0.1:2380,cd1=http://127.0.0.1:2480,cd2=http://127.0.0.1:2580 \
  --initial-cluster-state new
  ;;
3)
echo -e "[3]start third server\n"
./etcd --name cd2 --initial-advertise-peer-urls http://127.0.0.1:2580 \
  --listen-peer-urls http://127.0.0.1:2580 \
  --listen-client-urls http://192.168.1.17:2579,http://127.0.0.1:2579 \
  --advertise-client-urls http://192.168.1.17:2579,http://127.0.0.1:2579 \
  --initial-cluster-token etcd-cluster-1 \
  --initial-cluster cd0=http://127.0.0.1:2380,cd1=http://127.0.0.1:2480,cd2=http://127.0.0.1:2580 \
  --initial-cluster-state new
  ;;
*)
echo "error paramater"
;;
esac
View Code

 

完整代码,请移步 git@github.com:moonlong/etcd-discovery.git 

欢迎斧正

 

完!

 

本文来自:博客园

感谢作者:sevenPP

查看原文:etcd v3 服务注册与发现 Go代码

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